Quiz 62, Mission 2016,16 May 2016 9


1. What are the reasons behind India’s continued
dependence on imports to meet the requirement of
oilseeds?
1. Farmers prefer to grow food grains with
highly remunerative support prices
2. Most of the cultivation of oilseed crops
continues to be dependent on rainfall
3. Oils from the seeds of tree origin and rice
bran have remained unexploited
4. It is far cheaper to import oilseeds than to
cultivate the oilseed crops
Select the correct answer using the code given
below.
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 1, 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 
2. Consider the following statements in relation to
Green House Gas emissions:
1. According to Greenhouse gas protocol (GHG
Protocol),carbon emissions are classified into
direct and indirect emissions.
2. Automobile emissions are bigger contributor
of Greenhouse gases than industrial gas
emission.
3. Methane is bigger contributor to Greenhouse
effect as compared to Carbon dioxide.
Which of the statements given above is/are
incorrect ?
(a) 1and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1 and 3 only

 
3. Which one of the following is categorized as a
parasite in true sense?
(a) The cuckoo lays its egg in crow’s nest.
(b) The female Anopheles bites and sucks blood from
humans.
(c) Human foetus developing inside the uterus draws
nourishment from the mother.
(d) Head louse living on the human scalp as well as
laying eggs on human hair.

 
4. Consider the following statements.
1. Wetlands have highest species diversity of all
ecosystems
2. Species diversity is minimum at the mouth of
the river during its course
Which of the above mentioned statements is/are
correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 
5. In relation to Foreign Direct Investment
(FDI),consider the following statements:
1. FDI increases access to market in domestic
country and also reduces cost of production
if the labor market is cheaper.
2. FDI offers a source of external capital and
increased revenue.
3. FDI exposes local governments and
businesses to new technologies and
management practices.
4. Remittances received from NRIs constitute
one of the important source of FDI in India
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 2 and 3 only

(b) 1, 2 and 3 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 
6. Consider the following statements regarding
rural electrification in India :
1. Integration of feeders (rural households &
agricultural) is one of the component of Deen
Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana
(DDUGJY).
2. Central Electricity authority is the nodal
agency to operationalize DDUGJY.
3. More than 90% of villages have been
electrified till march 2014.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

 
7. Consider the following statements about Soil
alkalinity:
1. It is associated with the presence of sodium
carbonates in the soil.
2. Over irrigation in canal-irrigated areas is the
prominent reason behind Soil Alkalinity.
3. Alkalinity problems are more pronounced in
Silty or Sandy soils as compared to Clay soils.
4. These types of soils can be reclaimed by
adding acidifying minerals like pyrite and
Gypsum.
Select the correct answer using the code given
below.
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 
8. Consider the following statements:
1. It grows in a well-drained soil.
2. It requires warm climate and moderate
rainfall.
3. Karnataka, Kerela, and Tamil Nadu are its
major producers.
4. Nearly three-fourths of its production is
exported.
Determine the Crop.
(a) Tea
(b) Natural Rubber
(c) Coffee
(d) Sugarcane

 
9. Consider the following statements regarding
GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat
Assessment):
1. It is a rating tool to evaluate environmental
performance of a building which quantifies
aspect like waste generation, energy
consumption among others.
2. GRIHA was developed by United Nation
Environment Program.
3. Indira Paryavaran Bhavan, India’s first ‘Net
Zero Building’ has the largest rooftop solarpowered
panel in the country.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

 
10. Which of the following is not a reason for
increase in forest cover of India as per Forest Survey
of India report 2014-15?
(a) Coppice growth
(b) Growth of commercial plantation
(c) Favourable soil and climatic conditions
(d) Afforestation

 

Explanation

 

Q.1 :b

 
Q.2 :b
Industrial Gas Emission are bigger contributor than
automobile/transport emission.
Carbon dioxide is the major contributor in Green
house effect.

 
Q.3 :d
Interspecific interactions arise from the interaction of
populations of two different species. They could be
beneficial, detrimental or neutral (neither harm nor
benefit) to one of the species or both.
Laying eggs merely does not harm the other
in direct way. so not parasitic in true sense.
Female anopheles though harms humans by
sucking blood they do not live on human
body for long period of time as well as can
survive without it. Hence, not a parasite.
Foetous does not harm mother directly and
in fact is a conscious choice.
Head louse lives on human body as well as
harms humans so it is a parasite in true
sense.

 

 

Q.4 :c
Wetlands are areas of standing water that support
aquatic plants. Marshes, swamps, and bogs are all
considered wetlands. Wetlands have the highest
species diversity of all ecosystems. Many species of
amphibians, reptiles, birds (such as ducks and
waders), and furbearers can be found in the
wetlands.
The characteristics of a river or stream change
during the journey from the source to the mouth.
The temperature is cooler at the source than it is at
the mouth. The water is also clearer, has higher
oxygen levels, and freshwater fish such as trout and
heterotrophs can be found there. Towards the
middle part of the stream/river, the width increases,
as does species diversity—numerous aquatic green
plants and algae can be found. Toward the mouth of
the river/stream, the water becomes murky from all
the sediments that it has picked up upstream,
decreasing the amount of light that can penetrate
through the water. Since there is less light, there is
less diversity of flora, and because of the lower
oxygen levels, fish that require less oxygen, such as
catfish and carp, can be found.

 
Q.5 :b
FDI reduces cost of production if the labor market is
cheaper and the regulations are less restrictive in
domestic market. FDI opens local industries to outer
world and hence exchange of technologies and best
practices. A Foreign direct investment (FDI) is an
investment in a business by an investor from
another country for which the foreign investor has
control over the company purchased jn domestic
country.

 
Q.6 :c
The major components of the scheme are
feeder separation; strengthening of subtransmission
and distribution network;
Metering at all levels (input points, feeders
and distribution transformers).So option 1 is
incorrect
Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) is the
Nodal Agency for operationalization of this
Scheme.
So option 2 is incorrect
Till march 2014, 96.7% of villages have been
electrified. So option 3 is correct.

 
Q.7 :c
Alkaline soils are soils (mostly clay soils) with a high
pH (> 9) and a poor soil structure and a low
infiltration capacity.
The causes of soil alkalinity are natural or they can

be man-made. The natural development is due to
the presence soil minerals producing sodium
carbonate upon whethering. The man-made
development is due to the application of irrigation
water (surface or ground water) contaning a
relatively high proportion of sodium bicarbonates).
Soil alkalinity is associated with the presence of
sodium carbonates (Na2CO3) in the soil, either as a
result of natural mineralization of the soil particles or
brought in by irrigation and/or floodwater.
Alkalinity problems are more pronounced in clay
soils than in loamy, silty or sandy soils. Hence 3rd
statement is incorrect.
Alkaline soils with solid CaCO3 can be reclaimed with
grass cultures, ensuring the incorporation of much
acidifying organic material into the soil, and leaching
of the excess sodium. Deep ploughing and
incorporating the calcareous subsoil into the topsoil
also helps. It is also possible to reclaim them by
adding like pyrite and gypsum (calcium sulphate,
CaSO4)

 
Q.8 :c

 
Q.9 :c
GRIHA is a rating tool developed by TERI to tackle
the problem of rapid urbanization, resource
requirement, sustainable use of resources and
environmental balance.It is a tool to facilitate design,
construction and operation of green buildings that
measures “greenness” of a building in India
It was adopted as national rating system for green
buildings by Government of India in 2007. It
evaluates building over its complete life cycle, from
pre to post construction, with respect to a national
benchmark.
Indira Paryavaran Bhavan, MOEF building in delhi,
has the largest rooftop solar-powered panel in the
country. It is India’s first ‘Net Zero Building’ which
produces its own energy and doesn’t require outside
power supply.

 
Q.10 :c
According of the forest survey of India report
2014-15, forest cover of India increased by 5871 km.
sq. Of this increase West Bengal alone accounts for
64%, while north-eastern states like Nagaland,
Tripura, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh has
recorded decline in forest cover. Main reasons
attributed for this are increase of commercial
plantation, shade trees in tea garden, afforestation
and coppice growth (dense growth of small trees

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  • Vijay Karthik

    good questions sir

  • Vijay Karthik

    But i have 1 doubt with respect to wetland ecosystem . is it correct that wetland ecosystem have highest species diversity ? Then what about the tropical rain forest which supports greatest range of species diversity. please anyone clarify me

  • Saint Shambhujs

    Question no. 1 statement no. 3 would have been correct if the word “largely unexploted “was used . India has exploited the tree borne oil seeds. So correct answer should be A.

  • Vijay Karthik

    No, i haven’t asked about maths. I think species diversity is highest in wetland ecosystem for aquatic ecosystem but for whole ecosystem it is tropical rain-forest bio-me.

    • Saint Shambhujs

      Ecosystem and biome are two separate things biome is larger unit comprised of many ecosystems. A wet land ecosystem like a pond or riparian ecosystem has a greater BD. So there is no conflict between the two.

      To get it even more simple. Is there any conflict of one say the
      1. population density of Delhi is highest.
      2. Population density of India is highest.

      The former has highest among all cities in India and the later has highest among all countries in the world. In the same way ecosystem has highest BD among all ecosystems and Tropical Rain Forest has highest BD among all biomes. ☺.

      • Vijay Karthik

        No. Ecosystems are larger and contains many biomes. This is the simple fact given in NCERT.

        • Saint Shambhujs

          Biomes are largest unit of ecology and even a tiny droplet can be an ecosystem.
          ☺☺God bless you (and to me too).

          • Vijay Karthik

            thanks for the correction.

      • modiji

        Good