1. Which of the following can be considered as
reasons behind the shifting of sugar industries from
north to south in India?
1. The production of sugarcane per hectare is
higher in south India.
2. The sucrose content is higher in the tropical
variety of sugarcane grown in south India.
3. The crushing season in south India is longer
than in north India.
4. Cheap and abundant supply of power is
available in south India.
Select the correct answer using the code given
below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 

 

2. Consider the following characteristics of a
National Park in India:
It is known for the floating decomposed plant
materials called ‘Phumdis’.
This is the natural habitat of endangered browantlered
deer.
This is included under Ramsar site.
Which of the following National Park having all these
characteristics?
(a) Phawngpui National Park
(b) Keibul Lamjao National Park
(c) Nameri National Park
(d) Balphakram National Park

 
3. Consider the following statements:
1. Press Trust of India is a statutory quasijudicial
authority mandated by the
Parliament to improve the standards of
newspapers and the news agencies in India.
2. Press Council of India has the additional
responsibility of Advisory institution to
Election Commission and other government
institutions.
3. NAM News Network is the news exchange
arrangement of the news agencies belonging
to non-aligned movement countries.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3

 
4. Which of the below mentioned initiatives are
primarily focused on increasing transparency and
efficiency into the processes of governance?
1. SEVOTTAM
2. Shram Suvidha Portal
3. eBiz scheme
4. Sagarmala Project
5. Udaan Scheme
Selcet the correct answer from the codes given
below:
(a) 1, 3 and 5 only
(b) 2, 3 and 5 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 4 only

 
5. With respect to All India Services consider the
following statement:
1. All India Services are controlled jointly by
State and Centre.
2. New All India service may be created only
when Rajya Sabha passes a resolution by
majority of all members.
3. Creation of new All India Service affects
interests of states.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 3 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

 
6. Consider the following statement regarding the
federal system in India
1. Zonal councils which aimed at promoting
cooperation among states are constitutional
bodies.
2. Chairman of Zonal councils is Prime Minister.
3. Governor of state is empowered to direct
that an act of parliament does not apply to a
schedule area.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1 and 3 only

 
77. With reference to globally threatened
species, which of the following statement is
incorrect?
(a) In the IUCN’s Red List, term ‘threatened’ includes
only Critically Endangered and Endangered species

(b) Between 2008 and 2014, there is almost 50%
increase in the number of threatened species in
India, on account of better research work and
deforestation.
(c) Under Save Our Species (SOS) initiative, the
focus is only on protecting the threatened species,
their habitat and communities who depend on them.
(d) Indian vulture, Jerdon’s Courser, Red crowned
roofed turtle and Rameshwaram Parachute Spider
are some of the threatened species from India.

 
8. Which of the following statement is correct?
(a) Generally a substance dissolved in a liquid
increases its freezing point.
(b) Generally a substance dissolved in a liquid
decreases its freezing point.
(c) Generally a substance dissolved in a liquid
decreases its boiling point.
(d) Generally, dissolving a substance in a liquid has
no effect on its boiling and freezing points.

 
9. Which of the following methods can be used for
removing permanent hardness of water :
1. Distillation
2. Adding sodium carbonate
3. Boiling
4. Adding caustic soda
Select the correct answer using the code given
below
(a) 1, 2 and 4 only (b) 2 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 
10. A lubricant is a substance introduced to reduce
friction between moving surfaces. Which of the
following is/are used as a lubricant :
1. Tungsten Disulfide
2. Graphite
3. Silica
4. Iron Oxide
Select the correct answer using the code given
below
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 

Explanation:

 

Q.1 :c
Sugarcane is the main raw material for making sugar
and south India having more favorable conditions i.e.
The production of sugarcane per hectare is higher,
the sucrose content is higher in the tropical variety
of sugarcane grown in south India apart from that
crushing season in south India is longer than in north
India provides better output.
In south India most of the mills have modern
machinery and most of the mills in Peninsular India
are in cooperative sector, where profit maximization
is not the sole objective and can be seen as a reason
for shifting the sugar industry.
Cheap and abundant supply of power is available in
south India is not the reason behind this shift.

 
Q.2 :b
Keibul Lamjao National Park, which is located amid
the Loktak Lake in Bishnupur district in Manipur, is
known for the floating decomposed plant materials
called ‘Phumdis’ and it is the only floating park in the
world and this is included under Ramsar site.
Phawngpui National Park is located in the blue
mountains of Mizoram is habitat for species like the
mountain goat, tiger, leopard, leopard cat, serow,
Asiatic black bear, and langur and bird species like
blyth’s tragopan, falcon, sunbird, dark-rumped swift,
hume’s pheasant, hornbills and grey sibia.
Nameri National Park , Assam consists of mainly
semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forest
Established as an elephant reserve, today it is home
to several other endangered species like tigers,
leopards, dholes and Himalayan black bears. Other
common animal species that are found in Nameri
National Park are pygmy hog, gaur, wild boar, sloth
bear, capped langur and Indian giant squirrel.
The Balphakram National Park, Meghalayaalso
comprising the Garo Hills, is home to a rich variety of
flora and fauna. The national park is home to water
buffalo, red panda, elephant and eight species of
cats.

 
Q.3 :a
PCI is a statutory quasi-judicial authority mandated
by the Parliament to preserve the freedom of the
press and maintain and improve the standards of

newspapers and the news agencies in India.
Press Trust of India (PTI) is India’s largest news
agency. It is a non-profit sharing cooperative owned
by the country’s newspapers with a mandate to
provide efficient and unbiased news to all the
subscribers.
The PCI has rendered its opinion from time-to-time
to Law Commission and also to Election Commission
on issue of Paid News etc.
NAM News Network uses English, French, Spanish
and Arabic for exchange of News among its member
countries.

 
Q.4 :c
The concept of Sevottam is related to reforms,
performances and public grievances and comes from
the Hindi words “Seva” and “Uttam” and means
excellence in service delivery.
The Shram Suvidha Portal was launched in the Pt.
Deen Dayal Upadhyay Shramev Jayate programme
in 2014. This portal will facilitate ease of reporting at
one place or various Labour Laws, consolidated
information of Labour Inspection and its
enforcement. This initiative will bring together all
multiple labor enforcement agencies on a common
platform.
eBiz is to avail 14 Government of India Services
through online single window portal.
“Sagarmala Project” has been launched with an
objective of modernizing the ports along India’s
coastline and achieving rapid expansion of port
capacity and development of inland and coastal
Navigation.
Udaan scheme is for youth of Jammu & Kashmir to
provide skills and provide employ-ability with the
help of National Skill Development Council (NSDC).

 
Q.5 :c
Disciplinary action can be only by Centre but
transfers, promotion and other controls lies in the
hands of state. So option 1 is correct.
New All India service may be created only when
Rajya Sabha passes a resolution by majority of 2/3
rd of members resent and voting. So option 2 is
wrong.
Creation of all India services affects the interests of
states this is the reason because of which
constitution made provision that prior permission of
Rjaya sabha is required before the creation of All
India Services.

 
Q.6 :b
Zonal councils are statutory bodies and chairman is
union home minister. So option 1 and 2 are wrong.
Scheduled areas has certain specific features, need
so special power are given to governor to take care
of them such that he can make rules for scheduled
areas, he is empowered to direct that an act of
parliament does not apply to a schedule area. So
option 3 is correct

 
Q.7 :a
– First statement is incorrect as the term threatened
in IUCN Red List includes Critically Endangered,
Endangered as well as vulnerable species.
– According to recently published IUCN Red List for
2014, India added 15 more species to threatened
category; however, since China added 37 more
species which made India to come down one spot to
7th position. But if we analyse the rise in species
under this head since 2008, there is almost 50%
increase in the number of species under threatened
category due to modern research tools used for
species exploration and deforestation.
– SOS is a funding initiative under the guidance of
IUCN and funding from World Bank and Global
Environment Facility, which focuses on the
conservation and protection of threatened species,
their habitat and the communities which depend on
them. It was launched in October, 2014.
– Last statement is also correct as the given species
are threatened and they are from India.

 
Q.8 :b
Dissolving a substance in a liquid lowers its freezing
point and elevates its boiling point

 

.
Q.9 :a
Temporary hardness is a type of water
hardness caused by the presence of
dissolved bicarbonate minerals (calcium
bicarbonate and magnesium bicarbonate).
Permanent hardness is hardness (mineral
content) that cannot be removed by boiling

Hard drinking water is generally not harmful
to one’s health, but can pose serious
problems in industrial settings, where water
hardness is monitored to avoid costly
breakdowns in boilers, cooling towers, and
other equipment that handles water. In
domestic settings, hard water is often
indicated by a lack of suds formation when
soap is agitated in water.

 
Q.10 :a
1. Tungsten disulfide
2. Graphite

 

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