1. Consider the following statements:
1. El Nino Modoki causes warm moist conditions
in the Central Pacific and dry cold conditions
in Eastern and western pacific.
2. El Nino Modoki is conducive for formation of
cyclones in the Arabian Sea while El Nino in
the Bay of Bengal.
3. El Nino suppresses the cyclone formation in
the Arabian Sea.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

 
2. Consider the following statements regarding jet
streams:
1. The westerly jet stream steers the tropical
cyclone depressions into India.
2. Western disturbance is steered into India by
the westerly jet stream.
3. The easterly jet stream is responsible for
sudden outbreak of the monsoons in North
India
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1 and 3 only

 
3. Consider the following statements:
1. In India, the Dryland farming is considered
confined to the regions having annual rainfall
less than 25 cm.
2. In Tamil Nadu farmers grow three crops of
rice annually called ‘aus’, ‘aman’ and ‘boro’.
3. Assam accounts for more than half of total
cropped area and total production of tea in
the country.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1 and 3 only

 
4. Consider the following statements.
1. Pulses are the legume crops which increase
the natural fertility of soils through nitrogen
fixation.
2. In India Pulses are largely grown in humid
regions of east and north eastern regions.
3. Fruits and vegetables are majorly grown
during Rabi season in India.
4. Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
are the leading producers of flowers in India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 1, 2 and 4 only
(c) 1 and 4 only
(d) 2, 3 and 4 only

 
5. Consider the following statements:
1. PangongTso lake in Ladakh is an example of
Tectonic lake.
2. Lonar Lake of Buldhana (Maharashtra) is an
example of crater lake.
3. Bhojtal lake of Bhopal is an example of man
made wetalnd.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1 and 3 only

 
6. Consider the following statements regarding
water bodies :

1. Bay is larger than a gulf.
2. Strait is a waterway that connects two larger
bodies of water which could be
either naturally or artificially formed.
3. Bays can exist as the estuary of a river.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 3 Only
(c) 2 and 3 Only
(d) 1,2 and 3

 
7. Which of the following organisms can be
classified as autotrophes:
1. Algae
2. Zooplankton
3. Cyanobacteria
Select the correct answer from the codes given
below
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

 
8. Consider the following statements regarding the
process of speciation:
1. Speciation is a process by which new species
are formed.
2. Evolution is the mechanism by which
speciation is brought.
3. Number of species surviving in the world is
the outcome of speciation and extinction.
Which of the statements given above is /are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

 
9. Consider the following statements regarding the
Writ of Quo-Warranto issued by the Supreme Court:
1. It can be issued only in case of a substantive
public office.
2. It can’t be issued against a minister.
3. It can be issued against a judge of a High
Court if he has acquired office through
corrupt means.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

 
10. Which of the following types of silks are included
under Vanya silks?
1. Tasar
2. Mulberry
3. Muga
4. Eri
Select the correct answer using the code given
below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Explanation:

 

Q.1 :a
El Nino Modoki — which causes warm moist
conditions in the Central Pacific and dry cold
conditions in Eastern and western pacific.
A more familiar phenomenon, El Nino, was
found to suppress cyclone formation in the
Arabian Sea.
The number of cyclones per year show
significant differences indicating those El
Nino Modoki years are conducive for cyclone
formation over Arabian Sea while El Nino is
conducive for cyclones over the Bay of
Bengal.
All statements correct, option A

 
Q.2 :b
Easterly Jet streams steers the tropical cyclone in
India so Statement 1 is wrong. Statement 2 and 3
are correct.
Hence correct option is (b)

 
Q.3 :c
In India, the Dryland farming is largely
confined to the regions having annual rainfall
less than 75 cm.
It is in West Bengal, farmers grow three
crops of rice annually called ‘aus’, ‘aman’
and ‘boro’.
Assam accounts for about 53.2 per cent of
the total cropped area and contributes more
than half of total production of tea in the
country.

 
Q.4 :c
Pulses are the legume crops which increase
the natural fertility of soils through nitrogen
fixation. The cultivation of pulses in India is
largely concentrated in the drylands of
Deccan and central plateaus and
northwestern parts of the country.
Fruits and vegetables are majorly grown
during Zaid season (April-June).
About 2,33,000 hectares across the country
was used for floriculture, producing
17,29,000 metric tonnes (MT) of loose
flowers and 76,732 lakh cut flowers. Andhra
Pradesh leads in loose flowers production
with 2,24,410 MT cultivated over 34,850
hectares, followed by Karnataka at 2,07,500
MT cultivated in 29,700 hectares and Tamil
Nadu with 3,12,970 MT grown in 28,700
hectares.

 
Q.5 :c
Both the statements are correct. Tectonic lakes are
formed due to fractures and faults in the earth’s
crust. On the other hand, crater lakes are formed
when the craters and calderas of volcanoes are filled
with water.
bhojtal is an unique man-made wetland,
characteristic of the Central Indian Plateau region.
During the in tervening 900 years the ecosystem has
stabilized and presently it represents a near natural
wetland.

 
Q.6 :b
A strait is a naturally formed, narrow,
typically navigable waterway that connects two
larger bodies of water. Straits are the converse of
isthmuses. That is, while a strait lies between two
land masses and connects two larger bodies of
water, an isthmus lies between two bodies of water

waterways are Canals.
A bay is a body of water connected to an ocean
or lake, formed by an indentation of the shoreline. A
large bay may be called a gulf or a sea.
Bays can exist as the estuary of a river. Bays may be
nested in each other; for example, James Bay is an
arm of Hudson Bay. Some large bays, such as
the Bay of Bengal and the Hudson Bay, have
varied marine geology.

 
Q.7 :c
Algae and cyanobacteria are autoprophic , they
prepare their own food but zooplankton donot.
Organisms are divided into autotrophs and
heterotrophs according to their energy pathways.
Autotrophs are those organisms that are able to
make energy-containing organic molecules from
inorganic raw material by using basic energy
sources such as sunlight.
Plants are the prime example of autotrophs, using
photosynthesis. All other organisms must make use
of food that comes from other organisms in the form
of fats, carbohydrates and proteins. These
organisms which feed on others are called
heterotrophs.

 
Q.8 :d
All are true. Hence answer is option (d)

 
Q.9 :a
This writ is issued by the court to enquire into the
legality of claim of a person to a public office. Hence,
it prevents illegal usurpation of public office. The
writ can be issued only in case of a substantive
public office of permanent character. Therefore, it is
not applicable to a ministerial post. Further, this writ
can’t be issued against members of higher judiciary,
who only be removed through impeachment
procedure.

 
Q.10 :b
Non-mulberry silk, otherwise known as Vanya silk
are abundantly found in remote regions, hilltops and
in forest interiors of Burma, China, India, Korea and
parts of equatorial Africa and South- East Asia.
Vanya Silk includes Tasar, Eri and Muga silks. India is
the only country producing all the three vanya silks

commercially exploited besides, of course, the
mulberry silk. Muga silk, the golden silk of assam is
the exclusive product of India.

 

 

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