1. Why does Karnataka receive more rainfall than
Maharashtra and Kerala?
1. Mountain topography in Karnataka is broader
than the narrow topography of the Ghats in
Maharashtra while Kerala has isolated
mountains in the Western Ghats
2. Mountains in Karnataka are steeply sloping,
compared to the gentle slopes of the Ghats
in Maharashtra and Kerala
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 
2. Consider the following types of soil erosion:
1. Gully erosion
2. wind erosion
3. Surface erosion
4. Sheet Erosion
Most of the erosion in Chambal valley is through
which type of soil erosion?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 only
(d) 1 and 4 only

 
3.Consider the following
statements
1. River Jhelum forms the boundary between
India and Pakistan.
2. Patkai Bum forms the international boundary
between Nagaland and Myanmar.
3. Manipur hills forms the boundary between
Manipur and Myanmar.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

 
4. Which of the following statements is/are correct
about Mediterranean vegetation?
1. Plants are not xerophytic or drought
resistant.
2. There is absence of shade.
3. Grass is in abundance.
Select the correct answer using the code given
below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

 
5. With regard to WTO and its functioning, consider
the following statements:
1. Most Favored Nation (MFN) status to a
country by another country ensures
preferential tratment,lower tariffs and
removal of other trade barriers between the
two member countries.
2. Dispute settlement process in WTO is rule
based and transparent and ensures
‘compliance of verdict’ on member countries.
3. Special Safeguard Mechanism (SSM) is a tool
for protecting interest of farmers and poor
from volatility of international trade in
agricultural commodities.
Which of the statements given above is/are
incorrect?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 2 only
(d) 2 and 3 only

 
6. In the context of International Trade,
Protectionism is the economic policy of restricting
trade and economic relations between countries.
Consider the following with regard to Protectionism
1. Imposing Import Quotas
2. Administrative Barriers
3. Direct Subsidies by Government
4. Export Subsidies
5. TRIPS agreement
Which of the measures given above is/are used for
Protectionism?
(a) 2 and 4 only
(b) 1, 3 and 5 only
(c) 1,2,3 and 4 only
(d) 1,2,3,4 and 5

 
7. Which of the measures given below is/are part
of Directive Principles mentioned in Indian
Constitution:
1. The minimum Wages Act, child labor
Prohibition Act, the Factories Act etc. are
statutory provisions to give effect to
Directive Principles.
2. The Maternity Benefit Act and the Equal
Remuneration Act are there to protect the
interest of Women workers.
3. Aggrieved person can approach court for
implementation of Directive Principles.
Select the correct answer using the code given
below.
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3

 
8. Federal Character of Indian Polity is maintained
by which of the following powers of the Judiciary?
1. Power to adjudicate disputes between the
central and state government.
2. Power to issue writs
3. Power of judicial review
Select the correct answer using the codes given
below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

 
9. Which of the following pairs is/are correctly
matched?
Zero hour : First hour of sitting session of Lok
Sabha

Question hour : First hour of sitting session of Rajya
Sabha
Filbuster : Delay in vote over legislation due
to extension of debate
Select the correct answer using the codes given
below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 2 and 3 only

 
10. In the context of Ireland recently legalizing
same sex marriage,consider the following
statements with respect to Section 377 in India :
1. Section 377 was drafted by Macaulay in
1861.
2. It violates articles 14, 15 and 21 of the Indian
constitution.
3. State governments can amend Section 377
subject to the approval of president.
Select the correct answer using the codes given
below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3

 

Explanation:

 

Q.1 :a
Mountains in Karnataka are gently sloping,
compared to the steep slopes of the Ghats in
Maharashtra and Kerala.

 
Q.2 :c
Most of the erosion in Chambal valley is in form of
gully erosion.

 
Q.3 :b
Second statement is wrong. Patkai Bum
forms the international boundary between
Arunachal Pradesh and Myanmar.

 
Q.4 :b
Plants are in continuous struggle against heat, dry
air, excessive evaporation and prolonged droughts.
Trees with small broad leaves are widely spaced and
never very tall.The absence of shade is a distinct
feature of Mediterranean lands.
Conditions in Mediterranean do not suit grass,
because most of the rain comes in cool season when
growth is slow.

 
Q.5 :c
MFN status essentially means normal trade among
member countries and doesn’t ask for special
treatment to any country.
In WTO, there is no way of enforcing the verdict of
the dispute settlement body.
Special Safeguard Mechanisms (SSMs) are set of
provisions through which a WTO member country
can temporarily impose higher than bound tariff
rates on the import of a particular agricultural
product if there is a sudden surge in imports of that
product into the country. The SSM provisions are
available to all developing and least developed
country members of the WTO.

 
Q.6 :c
Import Quotas are imposed to reduce the quantity
and thus protect the domestic producers.
Administrative Barriers means countries use
administrative rules regarding food safety,
environmental standards etc. as a way to introduce
barriers to imports.
Government’s subsidies are given to local firms that
cannot compete against foreign imports. These
subsidies aim to protect local jobs, and to help local
firms to adjust to the world markets.
Export subsidies are used by governments to
increase exports. Exporters are paid a percentage of
the value of their exports. It increases the amount of
trade and help local producers.

 
Q.7 :b
Grievances based on non implementation of
Directive Principles cannot be challenged in Court.
All these different Acts are to give effect to different
DPSPs mentioned in constitution like right to
work,equal pay for equal work,protection of interests
of workers etc.

 
Q.8 :c
Power to issue writs is a method of protecting
fundamental rights of the people. It has no relation
with the maintenance of federal features.
Adjudication of disputes is directly related with
federal feature of the constitution. Power of judicial
review in specific cases may preserve the federal
feature.

 
Q.9 :d
Question hour is the first hour of sitting session of
both lok sabha and rajya sabha. Zero hour starts at
mid noon (12pm) in which members of parliament
raises important question. Filbustering is a political
tool used for delaying a specific legislation on being
put to vote by means of extension of debate.

 
Q.10 :d
All the statements are correct.
Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code led to
nondiscrimination of homosexuality .
Lord Macaulay drafted Indian Penal
Code,1860 and introduced it in 1861.The
credit for drafting the IPC, 1860, including
the controversial Section 377 goes to
him.Thus the British drafted Section 377 of
the IPC, while replacing a tolerant Indian
attitude towards sexuality with a highly
oppressive one.
Sexual orientation is a ground analogous to
sex and that discrimination on the basis of

sexual orientation is not permitted by Article
15. Section 377 of IPC also violates the
constitutional protections embodied in
Articles14 and 21. It makes it an
unreasonable classification as it unfairly
targets the homosexuals or gay community,
thus infringing their right under article 14. It
also unreasonably and unjustly infringes
upon the right of privacy which is sine qua
non to article 21, under its expanded scope.
IPC is in concurrent list so can be amended
by State governtments with consent of
President.

 

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