1. Which of the following statements is/are correct
regarding Kheda Satyagraha of 1918?
1. The demand of the Satyagraha was to
reduce the untimely increase of land
revenue.
2. Gandhiji undertook fast unto death to
support the Satyagraha.
3. The government finally agreed to the
demands and reduced the land revenues.
Select the correct answer using the codes given

below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) None of the above

 
2. Consider the following statements regarding
Kharai Camel found in India:
1. It is found in Rajasthan and some parts of
Haryana .
2. It is an eco-tonal breed which can survive in
both dry as well as coastal ecosystem.
3. They can feed on saline trees and shrubs.
4. They can swim in deep waters.
Select the correct answer using the code given
below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 
3. Consider the following statements regarding
species diversity:
1. The number of fungi species in the world is
more than the combined total of the species
of fishes, amphibians, reptiles and mammals.
2. The share of animals in recorded species is
almost two fold higher than plants.
3. Insects are most species rich taxonomic
group in the biosphere.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 2 and 3 only

 
4. Which of the following taxes does the proposed
Goods and Services Tax intend to subsume :-
1. Central Excise Duty
2. Central Customs Duty
3. Corporation Tax
4. State Entertainment Tax
Select the correct answer using the code given
below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 
5. Consider the following statements regarding
Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD):
In positive IOD ocean water off the Sumatra coast
becomes colder than normal.
The IOD is the difference in sea surface temperature
between the Arabian Sea and the eastern Indian
Ocean south of Indonesia.
3. An IOD can counter or worsen an El Nino’s impact
on the monsoon.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 2 only (d) 1, 2 and 3

 
6. Which of the given ocean currents is/are cold
currents?
1. Labrador Current
2. Canary Current
3. Oyashio Current
4. Peru Current
5. Agulhas Current
Select the correct answer using the code given
below.
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 1, 2, 4 and 5 only
(c) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

 
7. Consider the following statements about
Geostrophic Winds:
1. They blow under the influence of both the

pressure gradient force and Coriolis force.
2. These winds are free from the influence of
ground friction.
3. They flows perpendicular to the isobars.
4. These types of air flow are possible only at
higher altitudes in the atmosphere.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 
8. Consider the following four principal lifting
mechanisms which operate in the atmosphere:
1. Convergent lifting operates when air flows
toward an area of high pressure.
2. Convectional lifting operates when air is
stimulated by local surface heating.
3. Orographic lifting operates when air is forced
over a barrier such as a mountain range.
4. Frontal lifting operates when air is displaced
upward along the leading edges of
homogenous air masses.
Which one of the statement() given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 
9. Consider the following statements about the
Scheduled Areas under Fifth Schedule of the
Constitution.
1. President is empowered to declare that
Parliament’s law is not applicable to a
scheduled area of the state.
2. Governor is empowered to declare that state
legislature’s law is not applicable to a
scheduled area of the state.
3. President can direct a state to establish a
body similar to Tribes Advisory Council even
if it does not have scheduled area.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 2 and 3 only

 
10. Consider the following statements in context of
Chief minister (CM) of a state in India:
1. The representation of people’s act, 1951 is
the source for enabling or barring a
candidate from becoming CM
2. According to the the RPA act, if the CM is
convicted, he/she cannot contest elections
for 6 years from the date of conviction.
3. Normally, a non-member can be CM for a
maximum of six months only if he/she is
eligible for contesting an election
Choose the correct answer using the codes given
below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1 and 3 only

 

Explanation:

 

Q.1 :d
The demand of the Satyagraha was the total
remission of land revenue due to failed crops
and not to reduce the untimely increase of
land revenue. Hence, 1st statement is
incorrect.
Gandhiji did not undertake any fasting in
Kheda, rather he asked the farmers to
withhold the revenue payments. Gandhi
undertook fast unto death in Ahmedabad Mill
Strike and later on the issue of Communal
Award..Hence, 2nd Statement is incorrect.
The government never agreed to the
demands and reduced the revenues. The
government was not willing to openly
concede the peasants’ demands. However
ther they issued secret instructions directing
that revenue should be recovered only from
the peasants who afford to pay it.Hence, 3rd
Statement is incorrect.

 
Q.2 :c
Kharai Camels- are an eco-tonal breed, as
they survive in a dry land ecosystem as well
as in a coastal ecosystem, and can easily
swim in deep sea.They are the only camels
who can swim and who have adapted to the
extreme climate of Rann and shallow seas
and high salinity.Gujarat(Rann of Kutch) is
the only home to this breed of camel. They
feed and digest on mangoves, saline trees

and shrubs.The growth of industrial activities
in the coastal areas of Kutch has minimized
the availability of camel food and water
sources. Salinity has increased throughout
the region. Thus, the socioeconomic
condition of Kharai camel breeders (
Maaldhari Community) in Kutch is under
threat.
As per latest counting, the state has 6,200
camels out of which around 2,200 are found
in areas such as Lakhpat, Abdasa, Mundra
and Bhachau in Kutch whereas the remaining
are seen in South Gujarat near Aliya Bet.
As the breeds having less than 10,000
population are identified as endangered, it
can get special recognition and care.
Hence, option (c) is the correct answer.

 
Q.3 :a
More than 70 per cent of all the species
recorded are animals, while plants (including
algae, fungi, bryophytes, gymnosperms and
angiosperms) comprise no more than 22 per
cent of the total.
Among animals, insects are the most speciesrich
taxonomic group, making up more than
70 per cent of the total. That means, out of
every 10 animals on this planet, 7 are
insects.
The number of fungi species in the world is
more than the combined total of the species
of fishes, amphibians, reptiles and mammals.
All statements are correct so option A

 
Q.4 :c
GST will subsume the indirect taxes for Goods and
Services produced in India – not those imported into
India. Customs duty, although an indirect tax, is
imposed on goods imported, not manufctured.
Corporation tax is a direct tax. Entertainment tax is
levied at state and local level. The state component
of the tax has been subsumed in the GST while local
component has not.

 
Q.5 :d
All the statements are correct
The Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) is defined by
the difference in sea surface temperature
between two areas (or poles, hence a dipole)
– a western pole in the Arabian Sea (western
Indian Ocean) and an eastern pole in the
eastern Indian Ocean south of Indonesia.
During a ‘positive IOD’, the eastern
equatorial Indian Ocean off Sumatra in
Indonesia becomes colder than normal while
the western tropical part of the ocean near
the African coast becomes unusually warm.
An IOD can counter or worsen an El Nino’s
impact on the monsoon.

 
Q.6 :c
Labrador Current is a cold current of North
Atlantic ocean.
Canary Current is a cold water Current,
which flows along the western coast of
Northern Africa
Kuroshio (or Kuro Siwo) Current of Pacific is
similar to the gulf stream of Atlantic.
The Cold Oyashio (or Oya Siwo) Current
(similar to Labrador current) is also known as
Kurile current & it flows through the Bering
Strait in a southerly direction.
Peru Current, also known as the Humboldt
Current is a cold current, which flows along
the west coast of South America.
Agulhas Current (Warm Current) is a branch
of the south equatorial current, which flows
along the eastern coast of Madagascar.

 
Q.7 :c
Geostrophic winds: Air under the influence of
both the pressure gradient force and Coriolis
force tends to move parallel to isobars in
conditions where friction is low (1000 meters
above the surface of the Earth) and isobars
are straight.
Geostrophic winds come about because
pressure gradient force and Coriolis force
come into balance after the air begins to
move.
A geostrophic wind flows parallel to the
isobars.
In this model of wind flow in the Northern
Hemisphere, wind begins as a flow of air
perpendicular to the isobars under the
primary influence of the pressure gradient
force (PGF). As the movement begins, the
Coriolis force (CF) begins to influence the
moving air causing it to deflect to the right of
its path. This deflection continues until the
pressure gradient force and Coriolis force are
opposite and in balance with each other.

 
Q.8 :b

Lifting air masses cool adiabatically (by expansion)
to reach the dew-point temperature. Moisture in the
saturated air then can condense and form clouds,
and perhaps precipitation. Four principal lifting
mechanisms operate in the atmosphere:
■ Convergent lifting—air flows toward an area of low
pressure
■ Convectional lifting—air is stimulated by local
surface heating
■ Orographic lifting—air is forced over a barrier such
as a mountain range
■ Frontal lifting—air is displaced upward along the
leading edges of contrasting air masses

 
Q.9 :d
A similar council can also be established in a state
having scheduled tribe but not scheduled areas,
therein if the president so directs.
The governor is empowered to direct that any
particular act of the parliament or the state
legislature doesnot apply to a scheduled area.

 
Q.10 :c
The constitution is the source for enabling or barring
a candidate from becoming CM.
Normally, a non-member can be CM for a maximum
of six months only if he/she is eligible for contesting
an election. It is mentioned in article 164.
The law is that the disqualification continues for six
years from the date of release not from the date of
conviction.

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