1. What was the reason for emergence of the
Nehru Report?
(a) it came as a response to the appointment of
Simon Commission.
(b) it came as a reaction to the defeat of the Public
Safety Bill in 1928 in the Central
Legislative Assembly.
(c) it was brought to popularize the adoption of ‘
Purna Swaraj’ at the Lahore Congress Session.
(d) None of the above

 
2. With regard to the basic premise / values held
by the Theosophical Society, consider the following
statements:
1. It rejected the philosophy of
Upanishads samkhya, yoga and Vedanta
school of thought.
2. It accepted the Hindu beliefs of karma and
rebirth.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 
3. With regard to the development of Education in
British India, consider the following statements:
1. The first beginnings with respect to
education was laid out by the Charter Act of
1833, which directed the Company to
sanction one lakh rupees annually for
promoting oriental knowledge in the country.
2. Lord Macaulay’s Minute of 1835, settled the
Orientalist-Anglicist controversy in favour of
Orientalists.
3. Wood’s Despatch of 1854 asked the
Government of India to assume the
responsibility to spread education.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct
?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

 
4. Consider following statements about Dr.
Ambedkar:
1. He was in favour of separate electorate for
the Depressed Classes.
2. He signed Poona Pact with Gandhiji which
provided for separate electorate for the
Depressed Classes .
3. Ambedkar opposed partition of India along
religious lines.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

 
5. Consider the following statements regarding the
Deccan riots of 1875:
1. The unrest was caused due to the increase of
land revenue followed by bad harvests.
2. Peasants used the tool of social boycott of
outside moneylenders.
3. The peasants seized and publicly burnt debt
bonds and deeds during the riots.
4. Mahalwari system was followed by British to
collect revenues from the cultivators of
agricultural land in Deccan region during
1870s.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1 , 3 and 4 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(d) 3 and 4 only

 
6. Consider the following statements land revenue
settlement system during British period:
1. According to the Zamindari system of
revenue settlement, Zamindars had the right
to collect revenues from peasants but

peasants retained the ownership of land.
2. As per the Ryotwari system of revenue
settlement, land ownership was vested with
village committees and the government
directly collected the revenue from Peasants.
3. In the Mahalwari system, the village
committee was responsible for tax collection
and the land ownership was vested with the
village community.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are
correct?
(a) 3 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 2 and 3 only

 
7. Consider the following statements regarding the
Ilbert Bill:
1. The bill aimed to curtail rights of Indian
magistrate to try Europeans.
2. The Indian National Congress effectively
protested against the passage of bill.
3. The bill was passed during the tenure of
viceroy Lord Lytton.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) None of the above

 
8. With respect to Nehru report 1928 consider the
following statements:
1. Muslim league participated in framing Nehru
report.
2. Nehru report accepted separate electorate
on the basis of religion.
3. Nehru report recommended for fundamental
rights which included Universal Adult
Suffrage.
4. Nehru report demanded for complete
independence.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 
9. After sudden withdrawal of Non-cooperation
movement Swarajists wanted to join legislative
councils because
(a) They were feared that if they don’t join
legislative councils their political career will vanish.
(b) They wanted to expose the weakness of
legislative councils and use councils for political
struggle.
(c) Work in legislative councils will help in
constructive work like promotion of Khadi, spread of
education, removal of untouchability.
(d) No-changers allowed them to make a new party
within the congress.

 
10. Consider the following statements regarding
Ground Source Heat Pumps (GSHP):
1. It harvests heat released from molten rock
systems.
2. It uses the earth as heat source in winter or
heat sink in summer.
3. It works on the principles of refrigeration
cycle.
4. In India, it is effective only in Himalayan
climate zone.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 4 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1 and 4 only

 

Explanation:

 

Q.1 :d
As an answer to Lord Birkenhead’s challenge
given to Indian politicians to produce an
agreed constitution, an All Parties
Conference met in Feb.1928 and appointed a
sub-committee under the chairmanship of
Motilal Nehru to draft a Constitution, and
thus Nehru Report came up .

 
Q.2 :b
Madame H.P. Blavatsky and Colonel M.S.
Olcott founded the Theosophical Society in
the United States in 1875, were inspired by
Indian culture and thought. The Society, in
1882, shifted their headquarters in to Adyar(
Madras), accepted the hindu beliefs in
reincarnation and karma and drew
inspiration from the philosophy of
Upanishads, samkhya, yoga and vedanta
schools of thought. The Theosophical
Movement came to be allied with Hindu
renaissance. Hence, both statements are
wrong.

 
Q.3 :c
The first humble beginnings with respect to
education were made by the Charter Act of
1813, which directed the East India Company
to sanction one lakh rupees annually to
encourage learned Indians and promoting of
modern sciences and not oriental knowledge.
Hence, 1st statement is incorrect.
However, there arose a debate among the
members within the General Committee on
Public Instruction , popularly known as
Orientalist-Anglicist controversy, with respect
to government spending on education on
which subjects and medium of instruction. It
was Lord Macaulay , who settled this row in
favour of Anglicists i.e. the government
resources to be spent on teaching western
sciences and literature through the medium
of English language alone, through his
famous Macaulay Minute in 1835. Hence, 2nd
statement is incorrect.
Wood’s Despatch of 1854, also known as
Magna Carta of English Education in india ,
was the first comprehensive plan for the
spread of education and asked the
Government to assume the responsibility for
education of the masses. Hence, only 3rd
statement is correct.

 
Q.4 :b
Dr. Ambedkar thought that separate
electorate might help in empowerment of
lower classes. But according to Gandhiji, this
might have created a permanent chasm
between upper classes and lower classes. So
Gandhiji opposed this idea of separate
electorate and in opposition of the communal
award he started fast unto death which
forced Ambedkar to sign Poona Pact with him
and let go his demand of separate electorate
, paving way for unstead , reservation of
seats for the Depressed Classes in general
constituencies. Hence, 1st statement is
correct and 2nd statement is incorrect.
Dr. Ambedkar was not opposed to
partition. Ambedkar, in his treatise Thoughts
on Pakistan (1941), held that a Pakistan with
peaceful transfer of population is desirable
for a strong India with national feeling.
Hence, 3rd statement is incorrect.

 
Q.5 :c
statements 1, 2 and 3 are correct regarding
Deccan riots of 1875. In 1867 the
government raised land revenue by nearly
50% and the situation worsened by a
succession of bad harvests. Initially the
movement was peaceful with peasants
resorting to social boycott of outside
moneylenders. Later the movement turned
into riots and the peasants attacked
moneylender houses and shops. They seized
and publicly burnt debt bonds and deeds
during the riots. Ryotwari system was
followed in Deccan during 1870s.

 
Q.6 :a
In the Zamindari system, the Zamindars
were vested with ownership of land and they
collected revenue from the Peasants.

In the Ryotwari system, land ownership was
vested with Peasants and revenue was
directly collected from them.
In the Mahalwari system, village committee
was responsible for tax collection and the
land ownership was vested with the village
community.

 
Q.7 :d
British subjects in 1873 had been exempted
from trial by Indian magistrates, and in cases
involving death or transportation they could
only be tried by a high court.
Ilbert Bill proposed by Lord Ripon in 1883
sought to allow senior Indian magistrates to
preside over cases involving British subjects
in India.
This proposal as embodied in the Ilbert Bill
provoked furious protests, especially among
the Calcutta (Kolkata) European business
community and the Bengal indigo planters,
and there was covert sympathy from many
officials.
Indian National Congress was not yet formed
during the controversy. The bitter
controversy surrounding the measure
deepened antagonism between British and
Indians and was a prelude to the formation of
the Indian National Congress the following
year.

 
Q.8 :c
As an answer to the Lord Birkenhead’s
challenge to Indian politicians to produce an
agreed Constitution was accepted by
all Indian political parties and therefore was
called an, All Parties Conference at Delhi in
January 1928. The conference was attended
by all the important parties including Indian
National Congress, All India Muslim League,
National Liberal Federation, Hindu
Mahasabha, Central Sikh League etc .Hence,
1st Statement is correct.
Nehru report included the points
like Dominion status for India ; Rejection of
separate electorate; 19 Fundamental rights
which include universal adult franchise as a
fundamental right.Hence, 3rd Statement is
correct.

 
Q.9 :b
After sudden withdrawal of Non-cooperation
movement , two groups were formed, swarajists and
no-changers. no-changers favoured constructive
work. Swarajists wanted to join legislative councils

because they wanted to expose the weakness of
legislative councils and use councils for political
struggle to arouse popular enthusiasm. So option (b)
is correct.

 
Q.10 :b
Ground Source Heat Pumps (GSHP’s) use the
earth’s relatively constant temperature
between at a depth of 20 feet to provide
heating, cooling, and hot water for homes
and commercial buildings.
GSHP harvests heat absorbed at the Earth’s
surface from solar energy. It uses the earth
as a heat source (in the winter) or a heat sink
(in the summer).
GHP’s is effective in all kind of climate zones
or can be deployed anywhere in India.
The basic principle on which the GSHP works
is “refrigeration cycle”. The refrigerant
carries the heat from one “space” to another.
So option B correct.

 

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